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Prostate cancer develops when abnormal cells in the prostate, a small walnut-sized gland found only in men, grow uncontrollably and form a malignant tumour.

It is the most common cancer in Australian men aged 50 and around 9 in 10 males diagnosed with this disease survive five years from diagnosis.

Sadly, about 3000 men die every year from the heartbreaking disease.

Types of Prostate Cancer

Almost all prostate cancers develop in the prostate gland, however there are some extremely rare types of prostate cancer that also develop in the prostate, including:

  • Small cell carcinomas
  • Sarcomas
  • Neuroendocrine tumours or transitional cell carcinomas.

Stages of Prostate Cancer

There are five main stages of prostate cancer ranging from stage 0 to stage 5 and this is determined based on a number of factors including:

  • Size of the tumour
  • If the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other organs or tissue around the body
  • PSA levels
  • Gleason score from the prostate biopsy.

A team of doctors will work together to determine the best course of treatment based on the stage and type of prostate cancer.